Robin Hood Gardens

Built

1972

Location

London, United Kingdom

Robin Hood Gardens under construction

What was once an intersection of three major motorways leading north, south and east of Poplar has since become an area defined by its increasingly unpopular social housing scheme. Designed by Alison and Peter Smithson and completed in 1972, Robin Hood Gardens was an urban solution to an impossible site overwhelmed by the cacophony of traffic noise. The Smithsons devised two reinforced concrete blocks which acted as noise barriers against the Blackwall Tunnel, an ample landscaped garden separating the blocks and 10ft high acoustic walls at street level. However, where the Smithsons succeeded in noise reduction, they failed in providing adequate standards of living for dwellers. They imagined the secluded deck access as ‘pause-places’, which instead encouraged criminal activity. The overall maintenance of the two blocks declined and the housing failed to receive listed status in 2008 despite a convincing argument by the Twentieth Century Society. Demolition of Robin Hood Gardens began in 2013 and it will be replaced by 239 new homes designed by Jestico + Whiles.

Article by Shiri Webb, British Architectural Library, RIBA 

Image: Robin Hood Gardens under construction, London, 1970.
© Tony Ray-Jones / RIBA Library Photographs Collection

×