Floors and roofs

Timber floors

Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni

Photographers: Fratelli Alinari, 1880s
Copyright: RIBA Library Photographs Collection

In order to distribute the load as evenly as possible on the foundations and so avoid localized stress, floors were commonly made of closely-spaced beams nailed in turn to a beam set into the wall. This spread the load over the entire length of the wall. In the case of larger spans the floor beams were supported by timber brackets.