Tudor

A style that flourished under the Tudor dynasty in England, it is typified by the inventive use of timber and brick

 

 

Little Moreton Hall, Cheshire, completed 1575. Credit: RIBA CollectionsBarrington Court, completed 1514. Credit: Bernard Cox / RIBA CollectionsCastwisell Manor, Kent, completed 1550. Credit: Edwin Smith / RIBA CollectionsCinder Hall, Saffron Walden, completed 1500. Credit: Edwin Smith / RIBA CollectionsHardwick Hall, Derbyshire, completed 1597. Credit: Bernard Cox / RIBA CollectionsKnole, Sevenoaks, Kent, completed 1608. Credit: Edwin Smith / RIBA CollectionsLayer Marney Tower, Essex, completed 1520. Credit: Edwin Smith / RIBA CollectionsLongleat House, Wiltshire, completed 1580. Credit: Bernard Cox / RIBA CollectionsMonk's Barn, Newport, Essex, completed 1550. Credit Edwin Smith / RIBA CollectionsWollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire, completed 1588. Credit: Bernard Cox / RIBA Collections

This is the architecture associated with the English Tudor dynasty (1485-1603) in which we see a transition from late Medieval or Gothic forms of architecture to the incorporation of elements from Renaissance architecture seen in France, the Netherlands and Italy. It ranges from the vernacular architecture of ordinary houses, barns and stables to the fantastical conceits of the prodigy houses of Elizabethan England, such as Hardwick and Longleat. Brick was the main building material, especially in domestic architecture for manor houses and grand country houses, but timber construction was also common. The brick would often be patterned creating diamond shapes referred to as diaper-work. Other elements which evolved from late Gothic architecture were flattened versions of the pointed Gothic arch (known as the Tudor arch), also straight-headed mullioned windows with arched lights, hoodmoulds and label stops, and over doors. Rooflines were characterised by steep gables and tall chimneys of carved and moulded brick often asymmetrically placed. Towards the end of the period many aspects of Flemish and French architecture, particularly Fontainebleu, were integrated via sources from printed books.

 

What to look for in a tudor building:

 

  1. Steep gables
  2. Mullioned windows
  3. Tall chimneys
  4. Timber construction
  5. Brickwork

 

Article by Suzanne Waters 
British Architectural Library, RIBA

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