London after the Great Fire
The Great Fire of London started just after midnight at a bakery on Pudding Lane on Sunday 2 September, lasting four days. Five sixths of the medieval part of the city of London was destroyed, including 13,000 houses and 84 churches. King Charles II invited architects, surveyors and engineers to present alternative plans. Visitors can explore the differing ideas for rebuilding the city through original drawings for some of these plans in the exhibition.
Great Lisbon Earthquake
The Great Lisbon Earthquake caused subsequent fires and a tsunami; a combination which almost entirely destroyed Lisbon and surrounding areas. Four options were considered for rebuilding the city - a ‘clean slate’ approach was opted for. The medieval street pattern was replaced by large squares, avenues and a grid pattern. A model of the pioneering wooden Pomboline building frame, among the earliest seismically protected constructions in Europe, is featured in the exhibition.
Chicago after the Great Fire
The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 was one of the largest US disasters of the nineteenth century and destroyed nine square kilometres of the city centre, including much of the city’s central business district. Discover the new high-rise buildings which arose after the fire, through original photographs from the 1880s and 1890s from the RIBA Collections on display in the exhibition. Learn how Chicago was the perfect melting pot of architectural talent, capitalism, new technology and a city centre in need of a rebuild.
Metabolism was Japan’s most influential architectural movement, which emerged in the aftermath of WWII. The group’s founding members were teenagers in 1945, their work imagines cities as living, moving and evolving entities. Proposals for Hiroshima, Tokyo and Ise Bay in Japan as well as Skopje, Macedonia all feature in the exhibition.
Earthquake and Tsunami, Chile
A major earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit this coastal city in 2010. In the exhibition, discover how Alejandro Aravena, 2016 Pritzker Prize winner, and his architectural practice ELEMENTAL worked with the citizens and local government in a community-based approach that worked with nature rather than against it.
In 2010, one fifth of Pakistan was submerged by floods which affected approximately 20 million people, mostly due to loss of property property and infrastructure. Architect Yasmeen Lari developed a unique approach to providing facilities in areas of natural disaster. Lari worked with architecture students to train local residents to build their own bamboo homes, that were significantly more resilient to natural disasters and which didn’t rely on outside building supplies.
2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami
The Tohoku earthquake in 2011 was the world’s fourth most powerful earthquake since records began. The resulting tsunami caused the release of radioactive materials, leading to the evacuation of 100,000 people from their homes. The exhibition highlights the Homes-for-All initiative set up by five Japanese architects: Toyo Ito, Riken Yamamoto, Hiroshi Naito, Kengo Kuma and Kazuyo Sejima.
The 2012 flooding affected 30 of Nigeria’s 36 states. This large scale extent and storm surges was due to erosion, deforestation and subsidence in the areas hit. The exhibition features Makoko Floating School and Chicoco Radio, two different ecological buildings by architecture practice NLÈ, which can accommodate varying sea levels and waterfront settlements.
Hurricane Sandy, New Jersey, USA
In 2012, Hurricane Sandy resulted in eighty percent of Hoboken, New Jersey being submerged underwater. A competition was launched to ‘Rebuild by Design’, which was won by Dutch architectural practice OMA. Discover their plans in the exhibition, which includes a greenbelt of parkland to soak up excess water and the transformation of parks into water-containment basins.
In the response to the 2015 earthquake, architect Shigeru Ban and his humanitarian relief organisation Voluntary Architects’ Network (VAN) provided housing for local residents. The exhibition includes a model which showcases the type of structure which could be built using cardboard tubes and rubble from building debris.