RMS Orion & RMS Orcades II: Modern Liners

Described in the Architectural Review as “a landmark in the evolution of the modern liner”, Orion (1934) and her sister ship Orcades II (1937) were built for the Orient Line. Orion’s design was a departure from the more usual period styles to a simpler, contemporary style. With modern interiors designed by Brian O’Rorke this was the first time that an architect had carried out the entire decoration of a ship. Designed primarily for tropical conditions they featured air conditioning in all public rooms and a more flexible, informal, open air layout.

Both ships were converted to troopships in the Second World War. Sadly in 1942 Orcades was sunk with the loss of 45 lives south west of Cape Town after a battle with a German U-boat in which she was hit by 6 torpedoes.

 

RMS Orion

Launched:  Barrow-in-Furness, 1934

Disposal:  scrapped, 1963

Tonnage:  23,696 tons

Length:  665 feet or 203 metres

Maximum speed:  21 knots

 

RMS Orcades II

Launched:  Barrow-in-Furness, 1937

Disposal:  sunk, 1942

Tonnage:  23,456 tons

Length:  639 feet or 195 metres

Maximum speed:  21 knots

 

Also see: Ocean LinersSS NormandieSS Oriana.

108601 items
RIBA125178Half-elevation of a house with a corps-de-logis flanked by pavilions

 
RIBA125179Half-elevation of an entrance pavilion with part of a screen at left; a pen drawing of a flying figure carrying a scourge and cut out in outline is stuck in at top left

 
RIBA125180Two entrances in half-elevation with elaborate and confused designs


RIBA125181Hotel de Bouchage, Paris: elevation of three bays of the upper part of a two-storey facade; a central niche in an elaborate frame is flanked by windows; plan of niche and window mouldings below

 
RIBA125182Hotel de Bouchage, Paris: elevation of the lower part of the facade shown in f.45v (RIBA125181)

 
RIBA125183Elevation of two and a half bays of an arcade with a gallery over and an attic above with lucarnes and dormers; military trophies surmounting central bay and in spandrels of the arcade (for an alternative design see f.47r, RIBA125184)


RIBA125184Elevation of two and a half bays of an arcade with a gallery over and an attic above wth lucarnes and dormers; military trophies above the pediment (for an alternative design see f.46v, RIBA125183)

 
RIBA125185Three designs for decorative cresting for walls; the upper design incorporates the royal crown

 
RIBA125186Five designs for decorative cresting


RIBA125187Three designs for decorative cresting

 
RIBA125188Elevation of half the central bay and of one bay to the right of a two-storey facade in brick and stone

 
RIBA125189Two half-elevations: (left) one bay of an arcade with a gallery over, the window above the arch breaking up through the cornice; (right) elevation of part of a facade articulated by a colossal order of fluted Corinthian columns, one bay in half-elevation has arched openings on two storeys with an elaborate frieze separating the upper and lower floors


RIBA125190Elevation of an elaborate, rusticated arched entrance; the two sides show alternative designs

 
RIBA125191Two entrances in half-elevation: (left) round-headed rusticated entrance with Doric pilaster and frieze, broken triangular pediment enclosing tablet with curved pediment; (right) entrance with steps, broken pediment supported by male figure

 
RIBA125192Three designs in half-elevation: two windows or screen openings and one arched gate or doorway


RIBA125193Elevation of three bays of a two-storey brick and stone facade with attic above

 
RIBA125194Elevation of the entrance facade of a two-storey brick and stone pavilion with an attic and flight of steps leading to the entrance

 
RIBA125195Elevation of one and two half-bays of an arcade with gallery above having square-headed rusticated windows


RIBA125196Elevation of a part of a facade of one-storey with an attic, to the left a single-storey wing with a balustraded terrace above

 
RIBA125197Two elevations: (top) single-storey pavilion with an oeil-de-boeuf lucarne above and single-storey wing with similar lucarnes; (below) elevation of a building on a rusticated base with pavilion at left with high-pitched roof (drawn as a plane elevation), central door approached by steep flight of steps flanked by stone panels, rusticated half-windows above the string course, single-storey wing at right with balustrade and terrace above (see RIBA1

 
RIBA125198Elevation of the Porte de l'Arsenal, Paris


RIBA125199Elevation of three bays of a two-storey facade with basement and attic; door at the right approached by double flight of steps with an arched basement entrance below

 
RIBA125200Elevation of three bays of a two-storey facade with basement and attic; the door is approached by double flight of steps with an arched basement entrance below

 
RIBA125201Elevation of half the central bay and two bays to the right of a two-storey facade with basement and attic; to the right half-elevation of a pavilion or or termination of a projecting wing


RIBA125202Slightly inaccurate drawing of the landing of the staircase at the Scuola Grande de San Giovanni Evangelista, Venice

 
RIBA125203Drawing of a seated soldier

 
RIBA125204Engraving of a fountain from Franco Fanelli's Varie architetture (Paris, 1661) (top); elevation of the upper chapel of Saint Saturnin in the Cour de l'Ovale at Fontainebleau, the side seen from the Stable Court (bottom)


RIBA125205Elevation of the funerary chapel of Diane de Poitiers at the Chateau d'Anet

 
RIBA125206One of a set of illustrative panels for the 'Britain can make it' exhibition at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, showing interior design 1837-1937

 
RIBA125207Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: roof plan (with areas numbered)


RIBA125208Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: roof plan

 
RIBA125209Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: elevations

 
RIBA125210Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: elevations (shaded)


RIBA125211Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: elevations

 
RIBA125212Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: detail of facade

 
RIBA125213Designs for an unexecuted office building, Moorgate, City of London: detail of facade