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Research guide: Ahrends Burton and Koralek

Ahrends Burton and Koralek (ABK) was an architecture practice working in the second half of the twentieth century, established by Peter Ahrends, Richard Burton and Paul Koralek. This research guide aims to help you locate material on ABK across the RIBA Collections, including the practice's archive.

11 November 2021

Ahrends, Burton & Koralek (ABK) was formed in 1961 by Peter Ahrends (b.1933), Richard Burton (1933-2017) and Paul Koralek (1933-2020). It was one of the most successful practices of the second half of the twentieth century, although its reputation was undermined by National Gallery controversy, in which its competition-winning design to extend London's National Gallery was abandoned after Prince Charles bemoaned the design as a "monstrous carbuncle" in 1982. The practice was closely associated with photographer John Donat.

The RIBA Collections includes the whole ABK practice archive, with relevant material comprising:

  • biographical files for each of the three partners


Over 1,000 drawings relating to a large number of projects, including:

  • National Gallery extension
  • Templeton College at the Oxford Centre for Management Studies
  • the Royal Opera House, London
  • the Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester
  • the Mary Rose Tudor Ship Museum, Portsmouth

Ahrends Burton and Koralek's unexecuted final revised design for the National Gallery Extension, London, 1983. RIBA Collections


Over 60 architectural models including for:

  • British Embassy, Moscow
  • Kew Building
  • National Gallery extension
  • Bell Tower, Canberra
  • John Lewis Kingston
  • WH Smith offices, Swindon
  • 179 Shaftesbury Avenue
  • Cambridge Street, Sheffield
  • Runnymede Bridge


ABK projects are the subject of several thousand photographs in the RIBA Collections, including:

  • an architect’s house in Kentish Town, London: approx. 25, some digitised, by Alastair Hunter and Martin Charles
  • Hooke Park, Dorset: 8 by Martin Charles, plus 12 construction photographs
  • Templeton College, Oxford (Oxford Centre for Management Studies): 1,000+ photographs, some digitised, by John Donat, Antoine E. Raffoul, Simon Dell, C. Mitchell and others, and approx. 85 photographs of drawings and models
  • photographs of drawings and models for the competition-winning National Gallery extension scheme: approx. 60, some digitised, by John Donat and others
  • Chaveldon housing development, Basildon: approx. 750 photographs, some digitised, by John Donat, Richard Burton, Antoine E. Raffoul and others
  • Arts Building, Trinity College Dublin: 1,200+ photographs, some digitised, by John Donat, Martin Charles, Antoine E. Raffoul and others
  • St Andrew’s College, Dublin: 300+ photographs, some digitised, by John Donat, Paul Koralek, Eammon McCann and others
  • Oxford University Catholic Chaplaincy: approx. 450 photographs, some digitised, by Antoine E. Raffoul, Michael Bradley, Brecht-Einzig Limited and others
  • Berkeley Library, Trinity College Dublin: 1,000+ photographs, some digitised, by Antoine E. Raffoul, Martin Charles, John Donat, Walter Rawlings, Norman McGrath, Peter Ahrends and others, including 650+ photographs of drawings and models
  • Maidenhead Library: approx. 280 photographs, some digitised, by John Donat and others

John Donat photograph showing the model for Ahrends Burton and Koralek’s design for 179 Shaftesbury Avenue, 1986. RIBA Collections


  • two boxes of papers and exhibition panels relating to the public inquiry into the National Gallery extension, London [ABK1-2]
  • two files contained in the Denys Lasdun archive relating to Lasdun’s design for the National Gallery extension competition, also including correspondence and clippings on the debate over ABK’s winning entry and correspondence regarding Lasdun’s attendance at the RIBA gala dinner at which the Prince of Wales attacked ABK’s scheme [LaD/3/352/3; LaD/248/9]
  • correspondence and project files relating to projects including Hooke Park, Dorset; John Lewis Kingston; Keble College, Templeton College, Oxford; Whitworth Art Gallery

Key literature

  • Ahrends, Peter; Burton, Richard; Koralek, Paul ‘Ahrends Burton and Koralek’ (Academy Editions, 1991)
  • Ahrends, Peter, 'ABK Architects', The Architectural Review, no.1307, pp.36-37 (2006)
  • Powell, Kenneth, 'Ahrends, Burton and Koralek' (RIBA, 2012)
  • Powell, Kenneth (ed.), 'Collaborations: the architecture of ABK' (August Media, 2002)
  • Powell, Kenneth, ‘Country Boys’, Architects’ Journal, vol.211, no.19, pp.32-33 (2000)
  • Ward, Belinda, ‘ABK “victims of circumstances”: an interview with Peter Ahrends following announcement of end of National Gallery competition saga’, Architects’ Journal, vol.181, no.15 (1985)

St Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, designed by Ahrends Burton and Koralek. 1993, Joe Low / RIBA Collections

Geographic areas

UK: Oxfordshire, London, Manchester
Ireland: Dublin
Russia: Moscow

Key buildings and projects

Trinity College Dublin (1960); Keble College, Oxford (1972-80); John Lewis Kingston (1979-90); National Gallery competition (1982); DLR (1987-93)

Cataloguing status

Photographs cataloguing ongoing, majority of drawings uncatalogued.

Digitisation status

Approx. 25 drawings and 560 photographs available on RIBApix.


Drawings and models are stored in the outstore in Fulham, access may be arranged via Photographs can be accessed by appointment in the RIBA Library Reading Room, where books and periodicals are also available.

Ahrends Burton and Koralek's design for Portsmouth Polytechnic Library, 1970. RIBA Collections

This is one entry in our growing series of research guides covering the significant groupings in the RIBA Collections. For all catalogued material relating to Adams Holden & Pearson, in the collections, please consult our online collections catalogue.

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